“Nature is not a luxury, it is an investment”
~ Mark Tercek
CEO, The Nature Conservancy
The time is running out for many native habitats, but there is so much you can do. I have been working my land for the past 35 years, and I can now look over my conservation efforts and see that they have ‘borne fruit’. From the reclaimed crop fields to thriving natural habitats filled with butterflies, pollinator bees, quail, deer; everything that lives in our area makes their way into these ‘safe zones’. They are vital as their world is shrinking thanks to plows, mowers and not to mention other encroachments. This wasn’t a hard task; marginal crop land taken out of production and planted as early succession natural habitat. This effort was supported by state and federal programs available to landowners ~ it wasn’t a ‘break the bank’ effort, and we were also flooded with great information as well as direct payments from these programs.
You don’t have to own a farm to make a difference. A yard will work. But, you do have to have a commitment to leaving your land in better shape than you found it. We call it stewardship, and firmly believe that each of us has both a right and responsibility.
So, what has this got to do with Monarch butterflies? Plenty.
The Monarch butterfly has become a symbol of conservation; it is familiar to all of us, it is a beautiful insect, it is an important pollinator as well as a food source, its life cycle represents an important ‘science lesson’ and in my book, a fascinating one. The transformation from egg to caterpillar to chrysalis is truly a WONDER OF NATURE. It ranks up there with an egg to chick transformation! Did I mention the fact that its migration, which can be as long as 3,000 miles, is awe inspiring?
It is also considered an ‘indicator species’ which basically means it is the canary in the mine. These insects are quite sensitive to changes in climate as well as to the presence of harmful chemicals in the environment. The health of the Monarch population can tell us a great deal about the health of our environment in general.
Monarch butterflies face significant threats:
- Monarchs feed on the nectar of many flowers, but they only lay eggs on certain types of milkweed plants. It is their ‘host plant’ and vital to their success. Unfortunately, the loss of this plant is significant due to eradication as a ‘weed’, the increased use of herbicides, drought and the conversion of land by large scale farming and urbanization.
- Their shrinking ‘winter home’ due to deforestation and harsh weather that harms the forest.
- Climate changes that create more ‘out of season’ storms, severe temperature drops and excessive rains.
To underscore how susceptible they are to weather, the earliest predictions for 2017 by World Wildlife Fund, Mexico, shows a 27% drop relative to last winter which is attributed to strong storms in late winter that destroyed over 130 acres of habitat in the overwintering forests.
Helping the Monarch Butterflies
But, on the bright side, there are so many ways we can help. The first and probably easiest is to grow milkweed. Think about it; it everyone would plant just one milkweed, we might just solve the problem this spring. But, that is not going to happen so make sure you do the ‘right thing’. Create, conserve or restore your little part of the world.
- Only grow plants with pollinator value
- Reduce or eliminate the use of herbicides and pesticides
- Encourage less roadside mowing
- Lobby your representatives – specifically encourage support for provisions in the Farm Bill that call for the creation of pollinator habitats. This program, known as the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) supports a bunch of great initiatives, including habitat restoration
Gardeners are great stewards of the land and each decision you make, whether it is to grow more pollinator plants, reduce or eliminate the use of chemicals in the garden, mulch with organic materials, manage your water use … all of those steps, if done collectively, can make a huge difference. Recognizing the problem is the first step, and from here, let’s start small and take care of these amazing creatures that are essential to us:
According to MonarchWatch.org, every third bit of food comes from our table via a pollinator.